Buildings are like anchors to memories because they tend to last longer than our human lifespan. But how solid are buildings? The fact that they are made of stone, cement, and marble does not mean they will last eternally. They can easily be gone in a day. This is why we borrowed a part of Karl Marx’s famous quote, “All that is solid melts into air,” for the project title.

Our approach was to dissect the space around Istanbul Modern, with all its elements and previous constructions, and reassemble them, showing the ephemeral side of architecture. The design borrows geometries from past buildings and crunches them together in a chaotic way. But this chaos starts making sense over the course of a day, as past geometries become visible and invisible again. “ALL THAT IS SOLID” is not only a reminder of the past, but also a statement about the imminent change the future holds, so that we can be more critical about it.

The industrial history of the region influenced our choice of materials: the main structure will be constructed with oxidized metals. The responsive shades will react to the position of the sun and its heat; they will close when it is hot and open when it is cold. Pallets, shrubs, cushions, and beach chairs will form the landscape under the structure. 




Founded in 2009 by Cem Kozar and Işıl Ünal, PATTU is active in the fields of architecture, urban research, exhibition design and graphic design. Raised in Antwerp, Belgium, Cem Kozar (1981, Lüleburgaz) received his formal education as an architect (Istanbul Technical University, 2005). After his graduation, he worked for various architectural offices in Istanbul. He published his master’s thesis “Reading the dynamics of the contemporary city” in 2009. Currently he continues working on his Ph.D. dissertation about the relationship between the museum and the city. In the office, he is mostly working on idea and content development, and space/interaction design. Işıl Ünal (1983, İstanbul) is a landscape architect graduated from Istanbul University (2006). She worked with various landscape architecture offices during and after her studies and had been a part of various urban and landscape design projects in Turkey. After founding PATTU together with Cem Kozar, she started working on graphic design and exhibition projects. In the office, she is responsible for the visual language of the projects.


Project: PATTU (Cem Kozar, Işıl Ünal)

Team: Ilgın Külekçi, Hürcan Emre Yılmazer, Lysann Gahmig

Programming: Filika Tasarım (Selçuk Artut, Alp Tuğan)

Engineering and R&D: Metal Yapı (Bülent Özgül, Selami Gürel, Aylin Özgül, Bülent Kahraman, Esra Sümer Eke, Kemal Gürsoy, Yusuf Burak Baliç)

Special Thanks to: Erdal Akkaş, Sevince Bayrak, Funda Cinoğlu, Dilan Çelik, Vassilis Danellis, Oral Göktaş, Fatih Küçükçolak, Zeynep Ögel, Ulya Soley, Harun Ünal, Ömer Talha Yağcı